- April 15, 2022
Steps you should take to perform CPR
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR is a lifesaving procedure that can be used during the most extreme situations where someone’s breathing or heartbeat has stopped during a heart attack or drowning. It is essential to know everything about CPR for both unskilled spectators and first responders, reasoning that it can be used as first aid for anyone around us and in need of it.
If you’re hesitant to perform CPR or aren’t sure how to do it properly, remember that it’s always better to attempt than do nothing. The difference between doing something and doing nothing could mean life and death.
When a person is suffocating caused by shortness of breath or drowning, the individual who knows CPR can keep the affected person’s blood flowing until medical help arrives. However, not every situation necessitates a health expert’s arrival for CPR. Anyone who understands how to perform CPR can provide immediate help. Even if you don’t have first aid training, you can correctly save a life by following the CPR steps.
CPR can double or even triple the chances of someone surviving if it is started immediately after their heart stops beating.
We’ve listed all the necessary steps for performing CPR
Step 1 – Call 911
Before you take someone out of their troubled situation, look around yourself first. Look for anything that could endanger you, such as traffic, fire, or falling masonry. Next, examine the individual. Check if they require any assistance. Tap them on the shoulder or try getting any response from them.
Ask a bystander to call 911 if they are not responding. If feasible, ask any bystander to look for an AED machine.
Step 2 – Turn the victim over onto their back and open their airway.
Kneel beside the person’s chest and delicately place them on their back. Lift their chin and tilt their head back slightly.
Check for any obstructions in their mouth, such as food or vomit. If there is a loose blockage, remove it. Attempting to grasp it if it is not loose may drive it farther into the airway.
Step 3 – Check for breathing
Listen for no more than 10 seconds with your ear adjacent to the person’s mouth. Start CPR if you don’t hear breathing or only hear intermittent breaths.
Do not administer CPR on someone unconscious but still breathing. Instead, put them in the recovery posture if they don’t appear to have a spinal injury. Maintain a close eye on their respiration and administer CPR if they stop breathing.
Step 4 – Perform two rescue breaths
Perform two rescue breaths with the toddler or infant’s head inclined backward and chin elevated if they are not breathing.
Pinch the child’s nose shut and put your mouth over theirs. Breathe thrice into their mouth.
To make an infant’s chest lift, place your mouth over their nose and mouth and blow for 1 second. After then, take two rescue breaths.
Start chest compressions if they are still unresponsive.
Step 5 – Perform 30 chest compressions
(For an infant or child) Place the heel of your hand between the sternums, which is also the center of the chest. At least 100 times per minute, press down firmly and fast around 2 inches deep, or one-third the depth of the chest.
Use two fingers for a newborn. Place your fingers between the sternums. Compress for 30 seconds at a depth of 1.5 inches.
Step 6 – Repeat
Repeat the rescue breaths and chest compressions cycle until the person begins to breathe or assistance comes.
Whether the person is an infant, a child, or an adult, the steps differ. However, the basic cycle of chest compressions and rescue breaths will not change.
When an adult has stopped breathing, only use CPR. Before beginning CPR, make sure the person responds to verbal or physical cues.
Naz Kleiman is a ANCC board-certified Nurse Practitioner with over 13 years of nursing experience in trauma nursing, primary care, women’s health, urgent care, workmen’s comp, allergy testing and family medicine. She graduated from the University of Texas with a Bachelor of Science in Nursing and Walden University with Master of Science in Nursing.